National symbols of India

National symbols of India:



Short Notes

National Flag

National flag the national flag is orange white and green and each color has a meaning.

Orange: Strength and Courage

White: Peace and Truth

Green: Fertility

It was designed by Pingali Venkayya.[1]

National Emblem

The National Emblem of India is an adaptation of the Buddhist Lion. Devanagari script: “Satyameva jayate”.

National Calendar

In 1957 Saka calendar was introduced by the Calendar Committee.

National Anthem

In 1950 National Anthem was adopted by Constituent Assembly that is “Jana Gana Mana” Written by Rabindranath Tagore.

National Song

In 1950 “Vande Mataram” was adopted as the National song of India which is written by Bankimchandra Chatterji in Sanskrit

Oath of Allegiance

National Pledge it was written in Telugu by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962.

National Flower

Lotus is adopted as a National Flower of India.

National Fruit

Mango is the National Fruit of India. It is originated in India and the country is home to more than hundred varieties of the fruit.

National River

Ganga is the National River which is longest river in India. It is the most heavily populated river.

National tree

Indian Banyan is the national tree of India. Its roots themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas.

National Animal

Bengal Tiger is the National Animal of India.

National Aquatic Animal

Gangetic dolphin (Platanista gangetica) is said to represent the purity of the holy Ganga River as it can only survive in pure and fresh water.

National Bird

Indian peacock is designated as the national bird of India. In February 1, 1963, The Government of India has decided to have the Peacock as the national bird of India.

National Currency

Indian Rupee (ISO code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India. This Currency will issued by Reserve Bank of India. Rupee symbol was derived from the Devanagari consonant “र”(ra) and the Latin letter “R”.

Other National Symbols of India

National Sentence : Satyamev Jayate
Father of the Nation : Mahatma Gandhi
National Foreign Policy : Non-Alignment
National Information Letter : White Letter
National Currency : Rupee
National Festivals  : Republic Day (26th January), Independence Day (15th August), Gandhi Jayanti (2nd October)
National Heritage Animal : Elephant

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